Prefixes are the beginning syllables, or part of a word that comes before the main word (root of the word).
dis, un, im, non, in, and ir are the most common prefixes ad they simply mean "not", or the opposite of the root words meaning.
Here are some examples:
1.) She always disapproves of my decisions.
2.) The timeframe for completing the project is unreasonable.
3.) Working on Saturdays is inconvenient for me.
4.) Sometimes my girlfriend gets too emotional, and acts irrational.
Over: (too much) I overslept.
Mis: (badly or wrongly) She is always misbehaving.
Co: (together) We are the co-owners of this company.
De: (do the opposite) The stock will likely be devalued in the upcoming months.
Under: (not enough) The company is undervalued.
Get in the habit of learning the proper prefix for commonly used words. It's the easiest way to increase your vocabulary and advance your English level. This is an easy way to step out of baby English.
What is the best-suited prefix for each of the sentences below?
Match the words from column 1 with the best-suited answer from column 2.
|Column 1||Column 2|
|1.) dis||a.) polite|
|2.) im||b.) view|
|3.) in||c.) mystify|
|4.) mis||d.) decided|
|5.) pre||e.) pronounce|
|6.) re||f.) habitate|
|7.) un||g.) definite|
|8.) over||h.) marry|
|9.) co||i.) trust|
|10.) de||j.) think|
Respond to the questions using the correct prefix to give the opposite meaning. For example: "Is it convenient for you to work evenings?" "Actually, it's inconvenient for me to work evenings."
1.) "Do you like drinking Soju?"
2.) "Do you think our stock will perform better or worse next quarter?"
3.) Were you informed about the 7:00 pm meeting?
4.) Should I connect the power to the machine or not?
5.) Was the flight to China comfortable?
6.) Is the system functioning properly?
7.) Is the device compatible with our current software?
8.) Do you think she is honest?
1.) "(getting) out of line": When someone is behaving inappropriately. We use this phrase to describe when someone’s actions are rude.
"He was shouting, pushing people and getting out of line so the shop keeper called the police before the situation escalated."